Short-Term Turmoil – Bullish Markets Ahead!
Underperforming Hedge Fund Managers Represent A Huge Source Of Buying Power!
by Ian Harvey
October 08, 2012
The fourth quarter is off to a fine start for the bulls, as the major market indexes shook off some early malaise to settle higher for the week. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJI - 13,610.15) even took out the 13,600 level on Friday and touched its highest level in half a decade. Stocks mustered these gains despite an increasingly stubborn and skeptical contingent that remains content to stay on the sidelines.
With indexes at or near critical historical levels on the charts, as earnings season and a Presidential election draw near, it is essential to understand the bullish case from a short- and longer-term perspective which is outlined below. Also featured in this week's analysis:
• Two technical levels to keep an eye on.
• Three signs that hedge funds are still sitting out this rally.
• Does the fourth quarter of an election year mean more bullish upside, or just more volatility?
Breeding Uncertainty in the Market Place
"Alcoa kicks off third-quarter earnings when it reports on Oct. 9, and it's sure to be a lousy season. The S&P 500 companies are expected to report contracting profits, by about 2%, for the first time since 2009, according to S&P Capital IQ. That's certainly not a good thing for stocks."
- The Wall Street Journal, October 1, 2012
Expectations for the economy is fairly low, yet analysts still think corporate earnings will be supportive of more stock gains. The baseline forecast [for the economy] is more of the same, but in an environment in which earnings are still pretty good and interest rates are still very low, the baseline economic forecast does support higher equity prices from here.
- The Stock Market in the Week Ahead, October 08, 2012
"...hedge funds are turning away from a rally in the global stock market. The ratio of bullish to bearish bets among professional speculators fell last week and is below historical averages, according to a survey by International Strategy & Investment Group ... Hedge funds make up more of the equity market after their assets expanded and individuals pulled record cash from U.S. mutual funds."
- Bloomberg, October 5, 2012
Important Technical Levels
The four "E's" --
• Economy (a/k/a the ”fiscal cliff”),
• Europe, and
-- continue to breed uncertainty in the equity market. The ambiguity is translating into caution and hesitation on the part of major market-movers, such as hedge funds. With respect to price action, major indices are situated around all-time highs or multi-year highs, with small- and mid-cap indices -- such as the Russell 2000 Index (RUT - 842.86) and S&P 400 Midcap (MID - 996.36) -- challenging resistance levels in the 850-860 and 1,000 areas, respectively.
The SPX and VIX Meeting Resistance
Meanwhile, the S&P 500 Index (SPX - 1,460.93) ran into last month's highs in the 1,470 area before sellers overcame buyers on Friday, keeping the broader index about 5% below its all-time high-water mark. Finally, the CBOE Market Volatility Index (VIX - 14.33) is struggling to take out its calendar-year "half-high" in the 13.33-13.80 area, after bouncing from this level on Friday for the third time since late August.
Earnings Expectations Could Be Bullish!
With major benchmarks trading at or near their respective highs, price action at present suggests we could be in for some choppy action, at least until we see some resolution among the four "E's" looming over the marketplace at present.
Like last quarter, investors are approaching earnings season with low expectations, which increases the likelihood that lackluster reports and negative earnings growth are baked into the market. In fact, the ratio of negative pre-announcements to positive pre-announcements is near the ratio that existed in the first quarter of 2009, another sign that bad news may already be factored into stocks -- a bullish uptrend!
Hedge Funds on the Sidelines
The good news for bulls is that many have missed this rally and still have little net exposure to the market, so pullbacks to previous breakout areas could be met with buyers, such as those in the hedge fund community. Signs that hedge funds have little exposure to the market are evident in the options market and in short-interest data. For example:
1. Hedging activity is relatively small among those that use exchange-traded funds (ETFs) to hedge long positions. This is evident in the combined ratio of put buying to call buying on the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY - 146.14), the iShares Russell 2000 Index Fund (IWM - 84.11), and the PowerShares QQQ Trust (QQQ - 68.98) during the past month. This would mean that, when the ratio is low, there is little equity exposure to be hedged and therefore, little put buying relative to call buying.
While such caution among fund managers can be a negative in the immediate term (since they are the market movers), it also suggests there is enough fire power to push indices through their respective resistance levels once any uncertainty is resolved. In fact, the fire power might be equivalent to that of early 2009, given how low the ratio is (see the chart below).
2. ’Short Interest' continues to rise, even on stocks that may be deemed "high quality" or defensive. For example, short interest on SPX component stocks again ticked higher in the most recent reporting period, and is barely below the peak levels of last year that preceded a major rally in equities. The current high level of short interest is indicative of the pessimism that exists, and is likely contributing to the net low exposure to equities among hedge fund managers.
3. Finally, it appears most traders expect volatility to increase, the ratio of calls bought (to open) versus puts bought (to open) on the VIX is approaching a margin of three to one during the past 20 trading days. This ratio is at its highest level since July amid heavy volume, as VIX call open interest is around 5.31 million contracts, growing daily, and near the all-time high achieved last month. VIX call buying is another headwind for the market in the immediate term, but also has the potential to unwind in bullish fashion in the future.
Further Articles Relating to the Week Ahead
1. The Week Ahead in the Stock Market – October 08, 2012
2. The Economy and Earnings in the Week Ahead – October 08, 2012
3. The Past Week Stock Market Results – October 08, 2012
4. The Major ETFs in the Week Ahead – October 08, 2012